The energy crisis is more questioning in developing countries than the developed countries. Developing countries have resource constraint, and also they lack access to services and new technology.
Also, developing countries have many geographical and environmental advantages as well. They are blessed with natural resources but unfortunately lack education and training to make use of those resources. The major problem is that they have to outsource most of the technology and even ideas; this burdens them with a huge cost which also they are not able to pay off. The developing countries should learn from their past mistakes and should adopt ways to become more efficient and productive.
To overcome energy crisis, there are five major types of renewable energy which should be adopted by developing countries to make themselves more energy efficient.
The developing countries are geographically very lucky to have sun exposure throughout the year. It makes them enriched with solar energy. This energy from the sun can be captured to make electricity by using the cells made from silicon. Previously it was very costly to generate this electricity, but with the use of silicon, the cost has fallen drastically. Also, many new technologies have been introduced which make this more cost-effective and efficient source of energy.
The Wind is also abundant in developing countries, and for energy production, it is now becoming much recognized and famous. Wind power is used to generate electricity which is done by using wind turbines. It is a cheap source of energy which makes it an excellent option for developing countries. Also, it comes with an additional advantage of creating jobs for maintenance and building of equipment.
Water has been used for years for energy production. Hydroelectricity has always been the most popular form of energy for the areas where electricity could not be reached and also for areas which have water in abundance mainly in the form of streams and waterfalls. But it does raise the question of environmental effects; it highly pollutes the environment. Though it is much cost efficient, so it is ideal for developing countries.
It is although the most controversial type of energy production as it is produced from nuclear reactions. Nuclear fissions are used to produce electricity; they are considered to be the safest. Also, they produce zero pollution. It is considered to be the cheapest form of energy, but the waste it produces is radioactive and can cause health hazards.
Geothermal Renewable Energy Source
It is considered to be a most sustainable form of energy. Electricity from geothermal is produced by deriving heat from the surface of the earth. The surface of the earth has 1031 joules of heat energy which can flow throughout the surface. The conduction rate of this flow is around 44.2 tetra watts. The major drawback of using geothermal energy is that it can diffuse. So it can at a low cost harnessed at certain locations only. However there are some countries where geothermal energy activity is at a high level, and there it can harness it, this reduces the dependence on fossil fuels for energy production.